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3 edition of Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois, R77-15 found in the catalog.

Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois, R77-15

Cohen, Alan S.

Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois, R77-15

by Cohen, Alan S.

  • 263 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by State of Illinois, Institute of Natural Resources in Chicago, IL .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Illinois.
    • Subjects:
    • Sulphur dioxide -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois.,
    • Particles -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois.,
    • Air -- Pollution -- Law and legislation -- Economic aspects -- Illinois.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references.

      Statementby Alan S. Cohen.
      SeriesDocument - Illinois Institute of Natural Resources ; no. 79/22, Document (Illinois Institute of Natural Resources) ;, no. 79/22.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsTD885.5.S8 C63
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxii, 123 p. :
      Number of Pages123
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4240336M
      LC Control Number80620893

        Air Quality • A quantifiable measure of the severity of air pollution • Provides an idea of the impact of human health • United States scales from 0 (Best) to (Worst) • Linearizes the pollution standards to • Uses the criteria pollutants of: ground-level ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen. Engines produce exhaust. As train speeds increase, levels of particulate matter and other toxins increase. Heavier freight cars (due in some part to the urea that is added to fuel to reduce particulate matter and nitrous oxides) take more fuel to move, which can result in negative impacts .

      The diffusion of Pollution Prevention faces organizational barriers as for instance resistance to change, insufficient support from decision-makers, unclear project leadership, insufficient employee accountability and inflexible organizational structures. Openness, measured as the ratio of trade to income, appears to reduce air pollution. The level of statistical significance is high for Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2), and moderate for Particulate Matter and Nitrogen Oxides (NO x). Correlation need not prove causation. The observed correlation between trade and pollution could arise in other ways.

      ECONOMIC IMPACT • • • 8"1 Industry Economic Profile Cost Analysis of Alternative Control Systems: Other Environmental Cost Considerations.. 8,4 Economic Impact . The efficiency of devices for the removal of particulate matter, especially electrostatic precipitators, is decreased for fly ash from low-sulfur coals. Hence, a decrease in sulfur dioxide by fuel substitution may result in greater emissions of particulate matter, including any trace metals present in the coal.


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Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois, R77-15 by Cohen, Alan S. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois, R Technical Report Cohen, A S An outline is presented of the procedures used in preparing a benefit/cost analysis of certain sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) and particulate matter regulations and the results indicated by the analysis are described.

Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois, R Technical Report Cohen, A.S. An outline is presented Economic impact of sulfur dioxide and particulate matter regulations in Illinois the procedures used in preparing a benefit/cost analysis of certain sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) and particulate matter regulations and the results indicated by the analysis are described.

Using a nationwide network of monitoring sites, EPA has developed ambient air quality trends for particle pollution, also called Particulate Matter (PM). PM describes fine inhalable particles, with diameters that are generally micrometers and smaller.

Under the Clean Air Act, EPA sets and reviews national air quality standards for PM. Based on monitored violations of the primary sulfur dioxide NAAQS in and the State's request to redesignate, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) designated a sub-city area of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, located in Milwaukee County as a primary nonattainment area for.

Anji Reddy Mareddy, in Environmental Impact Assessment, Air quality standards and regulations. The primary sources of information on air quality standards, criteria, and policies will be the relevant local, state, and central organization that have a mandate for overseeing the air resources of the study ntation of this information will allow the determination of the.

The Clean Air Act Amendments of defined the first six criteria pollutants as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2), sulfur dioxide (SO 2), total particulate matter (PM), hydrocarbons, and photochemical oxidants, and NAAQS were established for uently, the list has been revised with the following major actions and the standards have undergone periodic updates.

3 Basic Biomedical Effects of Sulfur Oxides 35–57; 4 Health Effects of Sulfur Oxides 58–; 5 Ecological Effects –; Part Two in Brief: Strategies for Controlling Sulfur-Related Power Plant Emissions –; 6 The Relationship of Sulfur Oxide Emissions to Sulfur Dioxide.

We empirically test existing theories on the provision of public goods, in particular environmental quality, using data on sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations from the Global Environment.

The Clean Air Act legislation of, and was designed to improve air quality in the United States by monitoring and reducing the emissions of air pollutants judged to pose threats to human health, such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, particulate matter, and lead. PEKIN, Ill.

(J )-- Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Illinois EPA announced the formal redesignation of the Pekin area to attainment of the federal air quality standard for sulfur Pekin area now meets the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for sulfur dioxide and all other federal air quality standards set to protect public health.

Particulate matter exposure and preterm birth: estimates of U.S. attributable burden and economic costs. Environ Health Perspect/ehp [PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Tzivian L. Outdoor air pollution and asthma in children. J Asthma. ; – [Google Scholar].

In this article, we analyzed the mass concentrations of particulate matter micrometers (µm) or less in size (PM), particulate matter 10 µm or less in size (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2. Short term effects on ambient sulfur dioxide and particulate matter on mortality in 12 European cities: results from time series data from the APHEA project.

Med. – Crossref; Medline; Web of Science ® Google Scholar. R PAINT TECHNOLOGY AND AIR POLLUTION: A SURVEY AND ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT J.W. Spence and F.H. Haynie National Environmental Research Center ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Office of Air Programs Research Triangle Park, North Carolina February For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.

Government Printing. The Board then commenced new hearings, not pursuant to the Ashland Chemical remand order but because of legislative amendments "and as part of its on-going examination of its regulations" (In re Particulate Emissions, Docket Nos. R, R (Nov. 30, ); In re Sulfur Dioxide Emissions, Docket Nos.

R, R (Nov. 16, )). For the foreseeable future, coal will continue to play a critical role in powering the Nation’s electricity generation, especially for base-load power plants.

Coal-fired power plants have made significant progress in reducing emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide (contributors to acid rain), particulate matter. Nationally, average concentrations of sulfur dioxide decreased 82% from to All other air pollutants regulated under the NAAQS – ozone, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter – have also significantly decreased thanks to the various air quality management and control strategies developed and implemented at.

For every increase in the presence of ozone and particulate matter, there was a –% increase in hospital admissions and outpatient visits due to air-pollution-related illnesses. The effects were more prominent in cases of short-term high-level exposure to particulate matter (Brunekreef and Holgate ; Jaafar et al.

CO2 only started to be regulated in the United States in How did this tiny molecule become the face of climate change and what difference can we make. Occupational settings where suspended particulate levels are times higher than the outdoor average revealed no important health effects.

10 In response to these findings, in the mids there was a strong trend toward designating sulfate particulates, resulting from chemical reactions of sulfur dioxide with other chemicals in air, as the. COBRA Model. The COBRA screening tool is an integrated model for evaluating the impact of cleaner energy policies that will lead to better air quality with outputs that are readily used by policymakers [].It adopts a 3-step procedure: (1) exposure assessment; (2) estimation of health impact associated with the exposure; and (3) estimation of economic (i.e., dollar) value of the health.The Benefits and Costs of the Clean Air Act fron to CHAPTER 6 – ECOLOGICAL AND OTHER WELFARE BENEFITS Overview of Approach Qualitative Characterization of Effects Distribution of Air Pollutants in Sensitive Ecosystems of the United States Quantified Results: National Estimates Uncertainty in Ecological and Other Welfare Benefits Climate change and the effects of global warming with regard to the climate in California primarily revolve around issues such as drought and the subsequent risk of wildfire and related occurrences.

A study projected that the frequency and magnitude of both maximum and minimum temperatures would increase significantly as a result of global warming.